Biography of Father Stanisƚaw Jachniewicz

Born into a lower middle class family in Kremenets, Volyn province, on April 24, 1888. Graduated from gymnasium in Nemyriv and passed the examination for a pharmacy apprencticeship. In 1911 he graduated from Zhytomyr Seminary and in 1914 he finished a master’s degree in theology at the Catholic Theological Academy in St. Petersburg. Ordained in 1914 in Petrograd by Bishop Jan Cieplak for the Diocese of Lutsk-Zhytomyr. From 1914 he was an instructor of philosophy and liturgy at Zhytomyr Seminary. From April 1917 he was a lawyer on questions of family and marriage at the episcopal court; from May 31, 1917, he was chancellor of the Curia of the Lutsk-Zhytomyr and Kamianets dioceses. From June 1920 he was vicar of St. Sofia Cathedral in Zhytomyr, where he also had the care of a clandestine convent of the Congregation of the Daughters of Jesus. From 1920 he was pastor of the parish in Chudniv; from 1924, pastor of St. Sofia Cathedral. From 1929 – after the arrest of Msgr. Kazimierz Naskręcki – he was appointed Apostolic Administrator of the Diocese of Zhytomyr, a post he held until his arrest in 1935. He regularly rendered material assistance to priests who were in prisons and exile. July 29, 1935 – arrested in a case against a “fascist counter-revolutionary organization of Roman Catholic and Uniate clergy in Right-Bank Ukraine.” Charged as “being the leader of a counter-revolutionary group, anti-Soviet activity, contacts with representatives of foreign counter-revolutionary centers and use of a Polish national banner during religious processions.” He did not acknowledge his guilt. May 14, 1936 – sentenced under Articles 54-4 and 54-11 of the Criminal Code of the Ukrainian SSR to five years in corrective labor camp. Sent to Sevvostoklag where he arrived June 19 [Special Board NKVD, USSR]. In the camp he was an active preacher; he spiritually supported Ukrainians who had been convicted for not wanting to join a collective farm, and he always shared with them whenever he received food parcels. May 2, 1937 – along with everyone else, he signed a protest on the part of the convicts against actions of the administration, particularly against the guards. September 29, 1937 – arrested in the camp on the basis of a denunciation by fellow convicts. November 14, 1937 – sentenced to death [Special Troika, NKVD, USSR, Dalstroi]. November 27, 1937 – shot, in Magadan Prison. Sources: Archive of the Directorate, FSB, Magadan oblast; Dzwonkowski, pp. 255-258; Osipova (1996), p. 218; Investigatory Matter 1733 fp, Archive TsGAOO (Ukraine); Sokolovskyi, pp. 249-250; Madała, p. 66; Parafiial'na gazeta, 1995, no. 44, p. 8
Variant Names:
Jachniewicz, Stanisƚaw; I︠A︡khnevich, Stanislav Ivanovich
Kremenet︠s︡ʹ (Ukraine); Nemyriv (Vinnyt︠s︡ʹka oblastʹ, Ukraine); Z︠H︡ytomyr (Ukraine); Saint Petersburg (Russia); Lut︠s︡ʹk (Ukraine); Z︠H︡ytomyr (Ukraine); Kami︠a︡nets (Brėstskai︠a︡ voblastsʹ, Belarus); Chudniv (Ukraine); Kolyma (Russia); Magadan (Russia)
male; clergy and religious; executed