Biography of Father Józef Mioduszewski

Born in 1880 in Pƚoskirów [Proskurov], Podolski province [other sources: born in 1872, in Kitajgrod]. Graduated from gymnasium and then from Żytomierz Seminary; ordained in 1904 for the Diocese of Łuck-Żytomierz. Lived in Pƚoskirów. From 1904 he was administrator of Holy Spirit Church in Dzigowka and vicar of the parish in Obodówka and Czeczelnik, Baƚta deanery; from 1910 he was administrator of the parish in Nowokonstantynów; from 1914 he was pastor of Immaculate Conception of the Most Holy Mother of God in Pƚoskirów. October 14, 1913 – from an informant for the Woƚyń Provincial Gendarmerie, it became known that on October 13, during the prayer for the tsar’s family, which had survived a train explosion, Fr. Józef had spoken negatively about the tsar’s family, and in particular, about the tsar. None of the witnesses confirmed this allegation, but the informant himself was afraid to be a public witness, stating that “after this, no one would give me bread.” Wishing to devote himself to a monastic life, Fr. Józef asked permission to enter the monastery of Discalced Carmelites in Berdyczów, but something interfered with realizing this intention. After the beginning of the revolution, he left for Poland, but soon returned to Ukraine. From 1921 he was pastor of Immaculate Conception of the Most Holy Virgin Mary in Pohrebyszcze, Berdyczów-Lipowiec deanery, and also temporarily of the parishes in Borszczajówka-Dziuńków, Skwira deanery. In 1922 he was fined 300 rubles for “hiding church valuables.” In 1924 he went to Częstochówa to enter the local monastery of the Pauline Fathers, but the superior of the monastery convinced him to continue his pastoral ministry in Ukraine. From October 1924 he served at the Church of St. Bartholomew the Apostle in Kulczyny and also tended the parish in Tereszki. He periodically went to Kiev to visit Fr. Kazimierz Naskręcki, and also met with other priests at Fr. Kazimierz’s apartment. In 1929, on his last visit to Kiev, he stayed with Fr. Bolesƚaw Blechman because Fr. Kazimierz had been arrested. January 15, 1930 – arrested in a case against Catholic clergy (Priests Case). Sent to Kharkiv Prison, and then later to Kiev Prison. June 27-30, 1930 – at a closed trial, he was sentenced to death under Articles 54-3, -4, -5, -6, -10 and -11 of the Criminal Code of the Ukrainian SSR; sentence commuted to ten years in corrective labor camp with loss of rights for five years in accordance with Article 29 [Extraordinary Session, Supreme Ct., UkrSSR]. In November 1930 he was transferred to the Yaroslavl Political Isolator; in May 1933, sent to Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp. In 1937 he was transferred to the prison block. November 25, 1937 – sentenced to death [Special Troika, Directorate, NKVD, Leningrad oblast]. December 8, 1937 – shot, in Leningrad Prison. Sources: Archive of Directorate, FSB, Arkhangelsk oblast; GARF, f. 8406, op. 2, d. 3268 and 5647, l. 4, 5, 8, 10, 35, 40, 47, 52; Osipova (1996), pp. 184-185; Protocols of Sessions of Special Troika, Directorate of NKVD, Leningrad oblast; Investigatory Matter 1733 fp, Archive TsGAOO (Ukraine); Sokolovskyi, pp. 132-133; Dzwonkowski, 357-358; Madała, p. 118
Variant Names:
Mioduszewski, Józef; Miodushevskiĭ, Iosif I︠A︡novich
Volhynia (Ukraine); Z︠H︡ytomyrsʹka oblastʹ (Ukraine); Skvyra (Ukraine); Kharkivsʹkyĭ raĭon (Ukraine)
male; clergy and religious; executed