Biography of Sophia Eismont (Sr. Philomena, OP)

Description:
Born into a family of the nobility in Vilnius in 1900. Lived in Moscow; finished high school and enrolled in a piano class at the conservatory but did not complete it. In the summer of 1923 she adopted the Eastern Rite and entered the Abrikosova community of Dominican Sisters. March 8, 1924 – arrested in a case against Russian [Eastern Rite] Catholics. May 19, 1924 – sentenced under Article 61 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR to three years’ exile [OGPU Collegium]. Sent to Obdorsk (on the Ob River, at the Arctic Circle), Narym region, where she worked as a typist in an office. May 9, 1927 – released, but prohibited from living in the six largest cities or the borderland regions for a period of three years. She lived in Krasnodar and earned her living giving private music lessons. July 22, 1929 – made her final vows as Sr. Philomena, OP, in the presence of Fr. Pietro Alagiagian, SJ. In the autumn of 1930, she moved to Odessa, then to Smolensk. From 1931 she lived in Moscow; worked as a typist in a bank. In March 1933 she went to Ryazan, where, on August 15, she was arrested and sent back to Moscow as part of the investigation in the second case against Anna Abrikosova and other Russian Catholics. February 19, 1934 – sentenced under Articles 58-10 and 58-11 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR to eight years in corrective labor camps [OGPU Collegium]. Sent to Bamlag (Urulga Station) where, on February 2, 1935, she was arrested and sent to Ukht-pechlag. In 1938 she was transferred to Vorkutlag; released June 23, 1942, but prohibited from living in the six largest cities or the borderland regions for a period of three years. Lived in Kuibyshev region; in 1943 she moved to Uralsk; in March 1947, to Maloyaroslavets. From April 1947 she was living in Kaluga, where, on November 30, 1948, she was again arrested and drawn into the investigation in a case against Russian Catholics. August 17, 1949 – sentenced under Articles 58-1(a), 58-10 and 58-11 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR to ten years in corrective labor camps [Special Board, USSR Ministry of State Security]. Sent to Tayshetlag; later transferred to Angarlag; released November 3, 1954, and exiled to Kazakhstan. May 26, 1956 – early release; went to the little village of Maishogala outside Vilnius to live with the Dominican Sisters. She later moved to Vilnius to live with Dominican Sisters Antonina Kuznetsova, Teresa Kugel and others. February 23, 1993 – died in Vilnius. At her interrogation in November 16, 1933, Vera Khmeleva stated: “Sofia Vladislavovna’s main trait is her zeal for the salvation of souls. She is very energetic and lively, and she loves all the sisters.” Sources: Assumptionist Archives, Rome, 2ER.66, p. 1; GARF, f. 8409, op. 1, d. 73, l. 194; Osipova (1996), p. 215; Osipova (1999), pp. 342-343; Abrikosova et al. (1924 and 1934); Ott et al.; Sokolovskyi, p. 66
Variant Names:
Sister Philomena, OP; Eismont, Sophia; Eismont, Sof'ia Vladislavovna (Filomena)
Dates:
1900-1993
Locations:
Vilnius (Lithuania); Moscow (Russia); Salekhard (Russia); Krasnodar (Russia); Odesa (Ukraine); Smolensk (Russia); Ri︠a︡zanʹ (Ri︠a︡zanskai︠a︡ oblastʹ, Russia); Svobodny (Russia); Vorkuta (Komi, Russia); Samara (Russia); Oral (Kazakhstan); Maloi︠a︡roslavet︠s︡ (Russia); Kaluga (Kaluzhskai︠a︡ oblastʹ, Russia); Irkutsk (Russia); Kazakhstan
Subjects:
female; clergy and religious; survived