Biography of Father Nikolay Aleksandrov

Description:
Born into a lower middle class family in Moscow in 1884. Graduated from Moscow Technical School with a specialty in engineering and technology. From 1912 he worked for Siemens-Schuckert in Germany, where he became a Catholic. Returned to Moscow and from 1913 worked for the city – from 1914 he was in charge of the tram workshops, and after 1917 he worked as an engineer for GlavTop. He joined the Abrikosov community of Eastern Rite Catholics and assisted the pastor, Father Abrikosov. 1918 – arrested in a case against a White Guard organization, but released in December. He took religious vows [as a Third Order Dominican] under the name of Peter [of Verona]. In August 1921, on Father Abrikosov’s recommendation, Bishop Cieplak ordained him a priest of the Eastern Rite; later designated deputy of the Exarchate of Russian Catholics in the event of Father Feodorov’s arrest. After Father Abrikosov’s expulsion from the country in September 1922, Father Aleksandrov headed the Moscow parish of Russian Catholics. Arrested November 13, 1923. May 19, 1924 – sentenced under Articles 61 and 66 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR to ten years in prison [OGPU Collegium]. Sent to Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp; at first, on Kond Island, he worked as a guard; in the summer of 1925 he was transferred to the citadel on the central island where he first worked as an engineer in the operational-commercial sector and later as assistant to the head of the electric station. After many visits to the head of the administrative sector of the camp, he managed to get permission for Catholic religious rituals in a small, abandoned chapel. In the spring of 1929 he celebrated Easter Mass with Father Leonid Feodorov – which became the cause of his transfer to Anzer Island. Soon he was sent to Belbaltlag, Medvezhia Gora Station on the Kirov Railroad; released in 1934 but restricted from living in the six major cities or border regions for three years. Settled in Dmitrov, Moscow region, where he worked as an engineer for the Planning Department of Moscow-Volga Canal Construction. He said clandestine Masses in his apartment. 1935 – arrested in Dmitrov and sentenced to five years in corrective labor camps [Special Board, NKVD, USSR]. Sent to Solovetsky. May 29, 1936 – died in the central infirmary in the citadel on Solovetsky. Memoirs of Fr. Nowicki – Fr. Donat Nowicki, who was released from Solovetsky and exited the USSR on a prisoner exchange with Poland, later recalled Fr. Nikolay’s pastoral activity in the camp. “At about that time, the Lord’s mercy was bestowed on us so abundantly that we received permission to attend chapel daily. A highly diligent priest and a profound lover the Eucharistic Jesus, Fr. Nikolay went daily to the chapel. During the winter he missed only two or three mornings on account of heavy snow drifts. After a day of grueling camp labor, he would rise every morning at five or five-thirty and, taking a small portion of wine that he had mixed with one or two drops of water and a Communion host, he would hurry to the chapel in time to be back for breakfast and ready for work.” Sources: Archive of the Directorate of FSB for Arkhangelsk oblast; von Burman, pp. 537-643; 637-639; GARF, f. 8409, op. 1, d. 10, l. 244-245; d. 46, l. 224-227; d. 113, l. 35; d. 380, l. 103; Dzwonkowski (1998), p. 136, 579; Nowicki, p. 15; Osipova (1996), p. 146; Abrikosova et al. (1924); Investigatory Matter 590614, Central Archive, FSB, Russian Federation; Sokolovskyi, p. 3.
Variant Names:
Aleksandrov, Nikolaĭ Nikolaevich; Aleksandrov, Nikolay
Dates:
1884-1936
Locations:
Moscow (Russia); Germany
Subjects:
male; clergy and religious; died in prison